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PECHE GROS MARTINIQUE BOUCANIERS BOATING - Sport fishing, Big game fishing, la pêche au gros en Martinique - Découvrez la Martinique - Discover Martinique

Martinique is an island at the same time area of overseas and overseas department French (number 972). It would owe its name in Christophe Colomb who discovers it on June 15th, 1502. The island then is called “Jouanacaëra-Matinino”, inhabited by Kalinas1, which would have indicated a mythical island at Taïnos d' Hispaniola. The name evolved according to the pronunciations in Madinina, “the island with the flowers”, Madiana, Matinite and finally, by influence of the island close to Dominique, the name became Martinique. According to the historian Sydney Daney, the island would have been called “Jouanacaëra”, by the Caribbean, which would mean “the island with the iguanas”. It became French in 1635. Belonging to the archipelago of the Antilles, it is located in the Caribbean Sea, to approximately 450 km in the North-East of the coasts of approximately 700 km and South America, in the south-east of the Dominican Republic.

The settlement of Martinique is relatively recent. Its history is largely marked by that of the colonization of America, by slavery, the wars of influence between the old European colonial empires, the evolution of the agricultural activities, the eruption of the Peeled Mountain of 1902 and the calamities climatic.

Of a total surface area of 1,100 km ², which places it at the third rank after Trinidad and the Guadeloupe in the string of islands which constitutes the Lesser Antilles, Martinique is stretched on approximately 60 km length, for 27 km of width. The summit is the volcano of the Pelée mountain (1 397 m). As the remainder of the Lesser Antilles, Martinique is subjected to the seismic risk (seismic risk fort3): thus, on November 29th, 2007 at 3 p.m., local time, an earthquake magnitude 7.4 on the scale of Richter took place with broad île4.

One generally separates Martinique in two distinct zones. On the one hand, a zone located north of an axis Fort-de-France - the Robert, who constitutes the most mountainous part and savage of the island, field of the tropical forest, and, on the other hand, a zone located at the south of this axis, less broken, drier and which gathers the majority of the tourist installations.

The relief is broken on this island of volcanic origin. The old volcanic zones correspond to the extreme south of the island (Savanna of the petrifications) and to the peninsula of the Caravel in the east. The island developed in the last 20 million years by a succession of eruptions and displacements of the volcanic activity towards north. The last volcano in date, always active, is the Peeled Mountain, which occupies all the current north of the island and culminates to 1,397 Mr. the two last great phases eruptive took place of 1902 to 1905 (the eruption of May 8th, 1902 destroyed Saint-Pierre and caused 28,000 deaths in 2 minutes, that of August 30th, 1902 made nearly 1,100 dead, primarily with the Dull-Red and the Ajoupa-Stock) and of 1929 to 1932.

Following phenomena of erosion always violent one in Martinique because of the strong rainfall due to the oceanic evaporation brought by the trade winds, the high volcanos of recent formation located north of the island (mount Pelé and pitons of Carbet (1 196 meters)) give way, in the south, with the “dull ones” at the tops rounded or dishes and the strong slopes of an altitude generally ranging between 100 and 300 meters.

The mountain of Vauclin, summit of the south of the island, reached 504 m of altitude. Plains located at the center and in coastal edge, “funds”, are separated by escarpments and are generally low-size.

Source: wikipedia